How to have quick meetings that don’t waste time

A simple formula for clearer agendas to shorten meetings

It bothers me when a meeting that could be short and quick drags on and wastes my time. If I could change one thing to improve meetings, it would be this: for every agenda item, be clear to what end you’re talking about an issue. Why are you bringing this topic to the group? 

Meeting time is precious, so it’s a matter of respect to be clear about our intentions first. And the good news is there’s a framework that makes this easy.

The framework

There are precisely three distinct categories of agenda items:

  1. Reports
  2. Explorations
  3. Decisions 

They each serve a different purpose. 

1. Reports

To make sure that the information has been received, be sure to leave time for questions.. You’re done with the agenda item when the information has been passed on. 

Reports are one-way communication. One or more people have information to share about a topic that the rest of the group needs to hear. For example, they have completed a piece of work, or researched new information. 

What doesn’t happen in a report is a discussion. Groups lose a huge amount of time by discussing things that can’t be changed, or by being unintentional about when to discuss things. In a report, hear the report, ask and answer questions, and then say thank you and *stop*. Move to the next item on your agenda.

You just saved yourself 15 minutes of meeting time. Enjoy it!

report - Category of agenda item - Sociocracy For All

2. Explorations

Explorations are a two-way conversation. Someone brings a topic and explains it, and then the group responds with their ideas. 


  • Someone has an idea and wants to hear the other group members’ reactions.
  • Someone has an issue and needs ideas on how to solve it.
  • Based on a need identified by the group, a group brainstorms proposal ideas. 
  • Something happened and the group wants to exchange ideas.

You see the pattern – information comes into the group and the group delivers information back. Being clear when it’s an exploration can give the group structure and save you valuable time, making the meeting quicker.

Exploration  - Category of agenda item - Sociocracy For All

3. Decisions

Contrary to popular belief, “discussing something” is not the same thing as deciding something. Making a group decision needs at least a little bit of formality so we know whether we’ve made a decision. 

Oftentimes, groups spin their wheels forever in a discussion (= the exploration phase) when really what they need is a decision. 

Decisions come when there’s a proposal, and people are asked for their consent. When everyone consents, we can move on. 

Decision - Category of agenda item - Sociocracy For All

Agenda items for quick meetings

For meetings that I attend, I ask for each item what kind of agenda item it is. Is it a report, an exploration, or a decision? That way, I know why we’re talking about something, and what’s expected from me. Am I just supposed to listen and take it in? Am I asked to give reactions or ideas? Or does this require my buy-in? Knowing what my role in the meeting is gives me clarity on how to participate. Meetings without this basic structure can feel pointless, but if the purpose of agenda items is clear, I can relax and enjoy the meeting.

Easier to facilitate, quicker to act

It’s also much easier to facilitate when these building blocks are clear. There’s some additional magic here: the three building blocks nest in a fractal way. (To make it easier to understand, I’ll rename “reports” into “understand” as that’s its function.)

Whenever we have an exploration, we actually have two parts, the understanding phase, and the exploration stage. The understanding phase is, for example, where someone describes the idea or the issue that they want to hear the group’s input on. 

understand - explore - decide - this three categories of agenda items together allow quicker meetings - Sociocracy For All
The three categories of agenda items linked

And a solid consent decision-making process will exist of all three steps: reading and understanding the proposal, a reaction round, and the consent decision process. 

Sticking to this simple framework makes it clear what you’re talking about and to what end. People will have an easier time contributing, and staying on topic, and you’ll have a quick meeting, getting through your agenda much faster. Next, learn how to use the same building blocks to solve an issue from beginning to end

Learn about the sociocratic meeting process
building on this framework

meeting module free info session - Inclusive meetings - Sociocracy For All